Monday, 17 August 2015

Guide to Trondheim

Trondheim is the third largest city in Norway. This lively university city is also known as Norway’s capital of technology. 

Trondheim, Norway

CAPITAL OF TECHNOLOGY 

Trondheim hosts the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and the research foundation SINTEF. Some 80 per cent of Norwegian engineers finished NTNU. Apart from educational activities, the University carries out numerous scientific research in the field of technologies and innovations. The level of Norwegian technological expertise in the spheres of energy and environment, medicine, marine and maritime research, as well as information and communication is on a par with the highest international standards. 

HISTORY OF TRONDHEIM 

Trondheim was founded by the Viking king Olav Tryggvason in 997. It was the capital of Norway for 200 years. In 1152, the city became an archbishop's see. In the same year the country’s first school, the Cathedral School, was established there. Very soon, Trondheim turned into an important trading center, and has held this role until today. 

 Trondheim, Norway

The city's oldest name is Nidaros, "town at the mouth of the river Nid". In the late Middle Ages the name of Trondheim was formed – "the home of the Trønder people". Under the Danish rule (1450 – 1814), the name was pronounced as "Trondhjem". In 1930-31 there was an argument: to restore the old name of Nidaros or to keep the appellation of Trondhjem. After long debates, the citizens reached a compromise: the city was called Trondheim. This explains why many locals still call it "Trondhjem" and refer to themselves as "trondhjemmere." 

WHAT TO SEE IN TRONDHEIM 

The Island of Munkholmen 

Do you want to admire the outstanding Trondheim panorama from the sea? Then join in a boat trip to the historical island of Munkholmen (Monks' Island). This little island with a fort is situated in Trondheim harbor and served as Trondheim's execution ground and special prison in ancient times. 

Munkholmen (Monks' Island)

Nidarosdomen Cathedral 

Visit Norway´s national sanctuary built on the grave of St. Olav, King of Norway. The history of this magnificent building began in 1035; the Cathedral was completed around 1300. Being damaged by several fires in the 15th and 16th century, large parts of the Cathedral lay in ruins for several hundred years. In 1869, extensive restorations were begun, and a century later, the Cathedral was fully restored to its original grandeur. 

The Archbishop's Residence 

The Archbishop’s residence is the oldest secular building in Scandinavia. Works on it started in the second half of the 12th century, and it served as the Archbishop's residence until the Reformation in 1537. The Archbishop's Palace Museum features original sculptures from Nidaros Cathedral, and archaeological discoveries from the colorful history of the Archbishop's Palace. For example, here you can see the Archbishop's coin workshop exactly as archaeologists found it. 

The Archbishop's Residence

Stiftsgården – the Royal Residence 

One of the largest wooden buildings in the Nordic countries, Stiftsgården, was built during 1774 and 1778. It is the largest wooden palace in Scandinavia. Cecilia Christine Schøller, widow of the Privy Councilor, paid for this out of her large capital base, estimated at around five barrels of gold. In 1800, the building was sold to the state of Norway, and today it is the official Royal Residence in Trondheim. 

The Royal Residence, Norway

Sverresborg – Trøndelag Folk Museum 

Large open-air museum displays wooden buildings and scenes from Trondheim. Beautiful indoor exhibition "Images of Life" depicts life in the region in the last 150 years. You will also find a theme theatre, ski museum, and telecom museum. Sverresborg is a great place for the whole family. 

Trøndelag Folk Museum, Trondheim, Norway

Ringve Museum 

Are you fond of music? Then unique Ringve museum is a must-see for you! Ringve is Norway’s national music museum offering a musical journey through the history of music: 2000 musical instruments, tales, flowers and trees from around the world collected in one place. 

Rockheim 

Continue your musical adventure in Rockheim (literally "the home of rock"). Opened in 2010, Norway's national center for pop and rock music displays the best of Norwegian popular music from the 1950s to the present day through exhibitions, interactive experiences, and concerts. 


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