Saturday, 14 May 2016

Øvre Anarjohka National Park: the Untouched Nature

Øvre Anarjohka National Park is a far away and untouched part of the great Finnmarksvidda Plateau, Finnmark. The Park was opened in 1976 and covers 1409 square km. The landscapes include valley with birch forests, piny sandy glades, vast moors and multiple lakes. 

Øvre Anarjohka National Park, Finnmark, Norway

The National Park does not offer much for active leisure, still there are some opportunities for tourism and fishing – just do not forget about a license. Local rivers are abundant with fish, and you can hunt there white grouse, hare, fox and mink. 

The western part of the Park is located higher than the eastern, that is why its landscape is more mountainous and rocky, here you will find more heather and moors. Many moors of Øvre Anarjohka are several km wide and are real heavy-goings. 

National Park,Norway

The Park contains 700 big and small water reservoirs, many rivers start their flow from the Plateau. 

The climate of Øvre Anarjohka is typical continental with dry summers and cold winters. 

FLORA 

Because of the cold climate pines grow there slowly, trees are mostly bushy, with many boughs. Fir is particularly rare and is considered vulnerable. Birches are bushy and curved. The ground is covered with lichen, that makes the region an extremely important food source for deer in winter. 

Øvre Anarjohka National Park

In the moors that cover the majority of the Park's territory, you may find ling and cotton grass, bayberries and osieries. 

Along rivers and streams there are the plants that need less nutrition, like northern willow, downy willow, globeflower, pedicularis, and wood geranium. 

Øvre Anarjohka National Park

In the National Park you will find plenty of Siberian species of plants, like clump speedwell, Siberian lettuce, meadow rue, and Jacob's ladder. 

FAUNA 

In Øvre Anarjohka you will find many birds, including rare Eastern species. In the pine forest you may see redstart, willow tit, and Siberian tit. The National Park is the home for three-toed woodpecker and Siberian jay, as well as roughleg, golden eagle, and gyrfalcon. The moors are densely populated with wood sandpiper, redshank, whimbrel, bar-tailed godwit, and common snipe. 

Øvre Anarjohka National Park

Along the riverbanks, you may notice dipper, Temminck's stint, and plover. If you are lucky, you will see black-throated loon, green-winged teal, common goldeneye, long-tailed duck, scoter, or whooper swan gracefully wallowing on the waves. The Park is home to passerines that are rare in other parts of Norway. You may find rock ptarmigan and white grouse, however wood grouse is quite rare as well. 

Øvre Anarjohka National Park

The largest mammals of Øvre Anarjohka are moose who often migrate in winter beyond the Park's boundaries in timberland. From November until April, the territory becomes the domain of wild deer. Bears' areal is within the National Park, and wolverine is a rare guest here. 

Øvre Anarjohka, Norway

The water reservoirs of the park are full of fish. The typical species are salmon, trout, loach, three-spined stickleback, grayling, cisco, pickerel, river perch, burbot, and minnow. 


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